If Your Pet Lives In A Household With Smokers … This Is An Important Read

 

dog-gas-mask

Living in a house with a smoker puts dogs, cats, and especially birds at greater risk of many health problems. If you are a smoker keep a close eye on your pets for respiratory symptoms from sneezing to coughing to wheezing.

Even if you smoke outside, the smoke that lingers on your hands and clothes is extremely toxic to your pets.  There have been several findings linking certain cancers and a number of  respiratory issues to pets that live in a smoking household.

We all know that smoking is bad for our health, but what might surprise many pet-owners are the dangerous effects that same smoke can have on their four-legged loved ones after some time.

Second-hand smoke isn’t just dangerous for people…it’s also dangerous for pets.

Dogs exposed to second-hand smoke have more eye infections, allergies, and respiratory issues including lung cancer. A study at Colorado State University demonstrated that dogs living in smoking environments also had an increased incidence of nasal cancer. Interestingly, the length of a dog’s nose is associated with the type of cancer incurred from inhaling second-hand smoke.

“the incidence of nasal tumors is 250% higher in long nosed dogs living in smoke
filled environments”

Long nosed dogs are prone to nasal cancer while short nosed dogs often get lung cancer. Here’s why. Long nosed dogs (Collies, Labradors, Dobermans, etc) have increased surface area in their nasal canals that traps inhaled particles. The toxins and carcinogens in tobacco smoke accumulate in the nasal mucus, putting long nosed dogs at greater risk for tumors in their lengthy snouts. In fact, the incidence of nasal tumors is 250% higher in long nosed dogs living in smoke filled environments. Short noses aren’t effective “trappers” and allow more inhaled particles and carcinogens to reach the lungs. That’s why short nosed dogs (Pug, Shih Tzu, Pekingese, etc.) develop more lung cancer than their long-nosed friends.

“Cats that live in a smoky environment are at greater risk of developing lung cancer”

What about cats? Cats that live in a smoky environment are at greater risk of developing lung cancer, which makes sense because cats have short noses. Unrelated to nose length, felines that inhale second-hand smoke also have a higher incidence of lymphoma. Cats exposed to smoke are about 2 times more likely to develop lymphoma, a cancer of the lymph nodes that carries a poor prognosis for survival. That rate increases with the length of time a cat lives in a smoky household.

‘Cats that groom excessively develop tumors in their mouths from licking off toxic particles
that accumulate on their fur” 

As if second-hand smoke isn’t bad enough, cats suffer health consequences from “third hand smoke”, which is the residue that clings to furniture, rugs, and pet fur long after the air in the room is cleared. Cats that groom excessively develop tumors in their mouths from licking off toxic particles that accumulate on their fur from smoke-filled air. These tidy felines expose the mucous membranes in their mouths to carcinogens that cause oral tumors. Good hygiene is not healthy in this case. Is it possibly better to be a dirty dog?

Birds are other pets that are affected by second-hand smoke. Birds have respiratory systems that are extremely sensitive to airborne pollutants making them very likely to develop respiratory problems (pneumonia) as well as lung cancer when exposed to second-hand smoke. These feathered pets also have a higher risk of skin, heart, eye, and fertility problems when housed in smoky environments.

read the full article below

https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/the-effects-of-second-hand-smoke-on-pets

 

So if you do live in a house with a smoker or your friends, relatives, dog walker or pet sitter smokes . Its really importnt to keep your pets immune system strong. Here are a few tips and of course some points to help out your pets.

Get a quality air filter unit and keep up with filter changes as recommended by the manufacturer. Open doors and windows to allow your house to breathe and offer fresh air to your pets, especially those trapped inside all day (usually cats and birds).

Feed a species apporpriate diet to boost your pets immune system.

Pull blood every six months get a CBC panel

If you have a bird serioulsly considering rehoming them

Consider quitting. If you haven’t done it for the sake of your own health, maybe concern for the health of your furry or feathered best friend will be the motivation you need to give up your smoking habit once and for all.

 

Points to boost immune system and support respiration

LI4 is on the inside of the dew claw of the front paw, where it attaches to the 2nd metacarpal aka the paw  If no dew claw then just lightly put your finger tip on the spot where it would be lightly move your finger in a circular motion.
LU7 Inside of the front leg 1.5 cun  above the crease of the carpus.
PE6 Inside of the front limb  between the tendons three cun above the crease in the wrist (  transverse carpal crease)
HT 7 PE7 in the depression between the tendon and the ligament it is a natural depression and pretty     easy to find just above the bend in the wrist. Your fingers will slide in the groove on either side. Hold both sides that is actually 2 points Ht7 and Pe7
CV17 ventral midline 4th intercostal space  caudal border of the elbows.      
ST 36 find the front of the knee, and slide your finger down into the little groove on the lateral side of each knee
LIV3 between the 2nd and 3rd metatarsal
LIV2 medial aspect of the 2nd digit distal to the metatarsal phalangial joint

resp and immune points

 

 

 

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Summer is Almost Here, And It is Going To Be A Hot One… Do You Know The Signs Of Heatstroke, And What To Do If It Happens To Your Pup?

 panting pup18

 

So it is Summer, and you and your pup are going to go hiking, walking, running and having all sorts of fun adventures. Just be sure to keep your furry  friend cool and avoid over heating as that can have very serious results.  If your pups temperature hits 103 or higher you may have an emergency situation on your hands.

Heat stroke is an emergency and requires immediate treatment. Because dogs do not sweat (except to a minor degree through their foot pads), they do not tolerate high environmental temperatures as well as humans do. Dogs depend upon panting to exchange warm air for cool air. But when air temperature is close to body temperature, cooling by panting is not an efficient process.

  • Common situations that can set the stage for heat stroke in dogs include:
  • Being left in a car in hot weather
  • Exercising strenuously in hot, humid weather
  • Being a brachycephalic breed, especially a Bulldog, Pug, or Pekingese
  • Suffering from a heart or lung disease that interferes with efficient breathing
  • Being confined on concrete or asphalt surfaces
  • Being confined without shade and fresh water in hot weather
  • Having a history of heat stroke

To avoid this be sure to pay close attention to your dog, watch for excessive panting and pay close attention to  the color of your dogs tongue. If your dogs tongue is bright red slow down and cool him off ASAP. Always be sure to have lots of water on hand to make sure you and your pup are well hydrated

 

Here is a list of dogs breeds that are more susceptible to heat stroke based on structure, coat and breeding.

Brachycephalic breeds:

These dogs have the “pushed in faces” on relatively-broader heads. They have an elongated soft palate in the throat along with narrowed nostrils. Breeds include:

1. Boston Terriers

2. Boxers

3. Bulldogs, especially the English Bulldogs

4. Pekinese

5. Pugs

6. Shih Tzu

Double-Coated Breeds include:

1. Akitas

2. Chow Chows

3. Collies

4. Huskies

5. Poms

6. Samoyeds

7. Shelties

Dogs Bred for Cold Climates (with some overlap with double-coated dogs):

1. Akitas

2. American Eskimo Dogs

3. Anatolian Shepherds

4. Bearded Collies

5. Bernese Mountain Dogs

6. Bouvier des Flandres

7. Golden Retrievers

8. Great Pyrenees

9. Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs

10. Huskies

11. Irish Wolfhounds

12. Malamutes

13. Newfoundlands

14. Norwegian Elkhounds

15. Old English Sheepdogs

16. Samoyeds

17. Shibu Inus

also if your pup is obese, has a medical condition ie laryngeal paralysis, or is a senior  that can also make them more susceptible, so exercise them in the early morning or after it cools down in the evening if it is hot outside..

 

If heat stroke does occur cool your pup down as much as possible and get him or her to the Vet ASAP

Click on the link for additional tips and cautions. Stay cool out there….

http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/heat-stroke-dehydration-dogs

 

Here are a few points to keep your pet cool…. or use on the way to the vet in case your pup overheats

GB 20 Right behind the skull or occipital bone one finger off the cervical spine on either side in the divots. Pulls the energy down from the head. Cools heat

 GV 17 Right behind the skull in between the GB 20 points. Little divot under the bump. Great point to disperse energy and create calm.

LI4 is on the medial side where the dew claw would be  just hold on to it lightly for a bit or lightly move your fingers in a circular motion clears heat master for face and mouth

 TH4  Find the wrist and it is on the carpal bones it feels a little mushy towards the outside of the wrist or carpus. Balances regulates  heat in the body

 LI11 in the outside or lateral crease of the elbow.  opens  surfaces clears heat

On the way to the vet points 

Th1 lateral side of 4th digit front paws at the nail bed clears heat can also revive if collapses

LI1  On the medial or inside of the 2nd digit of the front paw at the nail bed. Clears lung heat revives consciousness

PE9 lateral side of 3rd digit front paws at the nail bed clears heat can also revive if collapses

 

heatstroke blog updated

 

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If Your Dog Has Reverse Sneezing Episodes, This Point May Help

sneezing fb

Does your dog have reverse sneezing episodes? They sound scary but are usually pretty harmless.  Below is a great article by Dr Karen Becker on reverse sneezing and how to determine when it is harmless and when it may be time to check with your vet.

Also if your dog is reverse sneezing there is a point ( of course) that shortens the duration …

Reverse sneezing — also known as mechanosensitive aspiration reflex, inspiratory paroxysmal respiration, and pharyngeal gag reflex – is actually a fairly common respiratory event in dogs. It happens more often in small breed dogs, perhaps because they have smaller throats and windpipes.

Brachycephalic breeds, like pugs and bulldogs, with elongated soft palates, occasionally suck the palate into the throat, which can cause an episode of reverse sneezing.  The most common triggers are excitement, exercise intolerance, a collar that’s too tight, pulling on the leash, an environmental irritant like pollen, perfume, or even a household chemical or cleaner, room sprays, or even a sudden change in temperature.  So if you have a breed prone to this harnesses are a great option to help prevent  a Reverse Sneezing Episode.

http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2012/12/03/reverse-sneezing.aspx?x_cid=20150506_ranart_reverse-sneezing_facebookdoc

 

Try this point and see if it helps your pup.

Presentation GV 14 blog

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If Your Pet Is Recovering From Surgery Or An Injury… ST36 Is A Great Point To Try

dogs and cats

St36 is an amazing point. If you follow this blog you can see how often it is used and for many different purposes anything from helping with anxiety disorders to slowing or stopping cancer from metastasizing as it related to osteosarcoma and maybe others. So here is yet another benefit of ST36, increased circulation.

So a great point to use if recovering from surgery or just to increase blood flow to the extremities for older pets or pets who may have an injury. Also a great point for after agility or any sport your dog participates in.  Along with these benefits St36 is a great point to use for many different issues

Traditional indications for using ST36 include: gastrointestinal pain, emesis, abdominal distention, diarrhea or constipation, mastitis, abscessed breast, enteritis, gastritis, edema, asthma, anemia, lassitude, exhaustion, indigestion, hemiplegia, mania, and neurasthenia.

Acupuncture significantly enhances peripheral blood flow. Photoplethysmography results published in Electron Devices and Solid-State Circuits demonstrates that acupuncture induces “significant elevation of peripheral blood flow.” The research team making this discovery notes that a prior investigation using single-channel photoplethysmography demonstrates that acupuncture enhances “local microvascular blood flow in tissue surrounding Zusanli after acupuncture at that site.” The new research takes the investigation another step further. Using multi-channel photoplethysmography, the researchers demonstrate that needling acupuncture point ST36 (Zusanli) induces “significant elevations in whole body peripheral blood flow and parasympathetic activities after acupuncture at Zusanli.”

http://www.healthcmi.com/Acupuncture-Continuing-Education-News/1441-acupuncture-improves-circulationhttp://

See point below.

ST 36 find the front of the knee and slide your finger down into the little groove on the
lateral side of each knee

st36 large breed

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It is Flea Season Again ..So Here Is Everything You Ever Wanted Or Didn’t Want To Know About Them

itchy dog2

 

Cribnotes… Fleas are no fun, can survive 100 days without food, one flea can drink 10ml of blood.( and dogs rarely have just one flea)

So best bet is prevention. There are lots of alternative or more natural methods to help prevent fleas, essential oils, diatomaceous earth(use with caution) to name a few  lots of baths and grooming. They have a cycle so it can take a while to eliminate them from your house.   If all else fails there is always Dawn dish washing liquid baths and of course   the traditional methods of flea control too, which can be used initally to get rid of the fleas and then hopefully more natural  preventative measures will keep them away. Diet also plays a role in your dogs ability to fight off fleas, and lessen their reaction to flea bites. Species appropriate and kibble free is a great start as then their blood and scent is less attractive to fleas.

Family: Pulicidae

Fleas are bilaterally-flattened wingless insects with three body parts, head, thorax and abdomen. The thorax has 6 legs arranged in 3 bilateral pairs, and the hindlimbs are enlarged and specially adapted for jumping (using elastic resilin pads rather than muscles).

Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis whereby grub-like larvae form pupae from which adult fleas emerge. The larvae are not parasitic but feed on debris associated mainly with bedding, den or nest material, whereas the adult stages are parasitic and feed on host blood. This family contains several genera and species that are important parasites of humans, domestic and companion animals and wildlife, especially rodents.
Ctenocephalides spp. [these species cause dermatoses in domestic animals]
Parasite morphology:

Fleas form four developmental stages: eggs, larvae, pupae and adults. The eggs are pearly-white ovoid bodies up to 0.5mm in size. Larvae appear as slender elongate brown grubs up to 5mm long, with each segment bearing a ring of bristles. Pupae appear as opaque ellipsoidal encysted stages surrounded by thin silk cocoons, often with detritus adherent to the external surface.

Adult fleas vary in size according to gender, female fleas are larger measuring up to 2.5mm in length, while males are smaller, sometimes measuring less than 1mm in length. All adults have three distinct body segments; head, thorax, and abdomen.

The head often bears genal ctenidium (spines), the dog flea C. canis and the cat flea C. felis have genal ctenidia with >5 teeth. The spacing of the spines is correlated to hair diameter. They are backward facing and used with setae to maintain position among the hair/fur of the host despite grooming.

Host range: Adult fleas attach to dogs, cats, humans, other mammals and occasionally chickens. Most fleas have promiscuous feeding habits and will try to feed on any available host. Most flea species are considered to be host-preferential rather than host-specific.

Site of infection: Adult fleas are blood-sucking ectoparasites living amongst the hair/fur on the skin of their hosts. They can also live off their hosts for extended periods in suitable micro-habitats (bedding, carpets, etc) awaiting the arrival of new hosts on which to jump.

Pathogenesis: Fleas have piercing mouthparts composed of cutting laciniae (back-and-forth action) and a stabbing epipharynx which enters small blood vessels. Saliva is ejected into the general area. Bite sites develop erythematous (reddened) papules or wheals, surrounding the central puncture site. Wounds may persist for days to several weeks and develop a crust of dried exudate. They are intensely itchy (pruritis) and may develop secondary infections if disturbed by scratching.

Fleas are particularly annoying pests on dogs and cats, and can cause severe allergic reactions; especially in inbred strains. Flea-allergy dermatitis is a hypersensitive reaction to components of flea saliva injected into the skin. Severely-affected areas exhibit significant hair loss (alopecia), moist dermatitis (wet eczema) or the skin becomes hardened and thickened. Animals aggravate conditions by licking, biting and scratching and they exhibit restlessness, irritability, and weight loss.

Fleas are blood-feeders (ingesting up to 10 ml per day), so heavy infestations may also cause iron-deficiency anaemia, particularly in young animals. Fleas may act as vectors for a range of viral and bacterial infections and Ctenocephalides and Pulex fleas are intermediate hosts for the tapewormDipylidium caninum in dogs and cats.

Mode of transmission: Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis (egg-larva-pupa-adult). The female usually oviposits on the host but the eggs are not sticky and therefore drop off the host usually in den/lair/nest/bedding where there is a good supply of debris and flea faeces on which the larvae feed. The eggs hatch within 2-21 days releasing maggot-like larvae which are legless and eyeless. Larvae cannot close their spiracles and are sensitive to low humidity. There are usually 3 larval instars which moult over 9-15 days before forming a pupa. The pupa completes development over several days to several months. Low temperatures, however, can extend larval and pupal stages up to one year. Adults can survive long periods without food (up to 100 days at high humidity).

Differential diagnosis: Animals attempt to groom infested areas, and an ‘itch-and-scratch’ syndrome may develop, sometimes associated with intense inflammation or allergic reactions. Adult fleas can be found in infested areas by visual examination (manually parting hairs or using a fine -toothed comb).

Treatment and control: Many chemicals have been developed to kill fleas. These insecticides can be used as powders, washes, sprays, pour-ons or impregnated into collars. They are generally organophosphorous compounds, carbamates, or pyrethrum and its derivatives. Several new generation ectoparasiticides have also been developed as spray or spot-on formulations, including fipronil and imidacloprid. Treatments should be repeated regularly to avoid re-infestation and also to reduce environmental contamination by eggs. Drug efficacy should also be monitored as there are growing reports of insecticide resistance developing in flea populations. Corticosteroids are often used topically or systemically for palliative treatment of flea-bite allergy. Control measures should include environmental management such as the provision of clean bedding, efficient waste disposal and rodent control. Several methods of environmental decontamination have been developed including the use of light traps, indoor insecticides and flea bombs (diflubenzuron, pyriproxyfen, methoprene).

More About Flea Meds

Americans spend more than $1 billion each year on products designed to kill fleas and ticks on household pets, especially dogs and cats. While some of these products are safe, others leave harmful chemical residues on our pets’ fur and in our homes. These chemicals are highly hazardous to animals and humans, can damage the brain and nervous system, and cause cancer. The April 2009 paper Poison on Pets II details a first-of-its-kind study by NRDC showing that high levels of pesticide residue can remain on a dog’s or cat’s fur for weeks after a flea collar is put on an animal. Residue levels produced by some flea collars are so high that they pose a risk of cancer and damage to the neurological system of children up to 1,000 times higher than the EPA’s acceptable levels.

Here is a great link from the NRDC to help you determine which flea meds are the least toxic and hopefully most effective.

http://www.simplesteps.org/greenpaws-products

This is another great article on additional prevention , methods and updated flea med toxicity info… https://thetruthaboutpetcancer.com/best-safest-flea-treatment-dogs/?a_aid=55187b5386258&a_bid=987f08a8

Don’t be fooled. Labels may not give you all the facts about what you are putting on your dog to get rid of fleas.1 In fact, the dangers of commercial flea liquids, collars, powders, pills, and sprays were the focus of an in-depth investigation by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2009. It was in response to over 44,000 “adverse reaction” complaints to on-spot flea control products in 2008 alone.2

 

One harmful ingredient found in commercial products is Imidacloprid. Over 400 products use it, including many flea control products. Adverse reactions for both humans and animals include rash, vomiting, dizziness, confusion, drooling (in animals), tremors, fatigue, and seizure.

 

The U.S. EPA maintains that there is no connection between imidacloprid and cancer. In November 2017, however, the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) recommended that the “EPA should re-do its cancer assessment of imidacloprid,” citing a possible link to some cancers.3 According to the National Pesticide Information Center, studies have also found that exposure caused reproductive issues in pregnant laboratory rats.4

 

In 2010, the EPA released their own recommendations.5 A major one was that flea and tick companies be required to put ingredient information on their product labels.6 If you decide to use commercial flea products for your dog, be sure to do your homework. One great resource is the nonprofit consumer organization, the Environmental Working Group.7

 

 

 

 

Cat Parents  This Is A  A Must Read Post For You …

 

Now most cat pet owners know NEVER to use Flea meds for dogs on cats, but what some owners do not realize is that your cat sniffing your pup after a dose flea meds or sleeping in his or bed can result in the same toxic side effect.

Pyrethroid toxicosis, typically involving Permethrin, is one of the most commonly reported toxicities in cats to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. Inappropriate exposure of cats to Permethrin products results in as many as 97% showing clinical signs with 10.5% ending in death if not treated early and aggressively.

Cats liver’s do not have the ability to process Pyrethrin so even small dose of this substance can cause a reaction. Pyrethrin is also commonly used in bug sprays etc.  So always read your labels and be sure that you do not accidentally apply dog flea meds to your cat. If you have a multi- pet household be sure to flea your dogs in an area away from your cats  and keep them separated until the medicine is absorbed.

Flea meds for cats are available but just be cautious as it is a poison so apply sparingly and carefully.

For more info see the excerpt and link below

Pyrethroid insecticidal products are neurotoxicants targeted toward the nervous system of fleas and other insects, and are used in topical spot–on and household products available over-the-counter and at veterinary hospitals. Topical flea control products are used commonly on pets due to ease of administration and overall good efficacy. Pyrethroids have replaced natural pryrethrins in may products to increase efficacy and stability. Products labeled for use on dogs-only and not intended or safe for cats are often mistakenly or purposely applied to cats. Cats are often intolerant of some insecticides and medications probably because of their livers reduced ability to metabolize some compounds. Adverse reactions can result from an unusual sensitivity at low doses, immune-based allergic sensitively or true toxic reactions at labeled or high doses.

Clinical signs of permethrin poisoning in cats range from facial tremors and ear twitching to generalized muscle tremors and seizures. Some cats salivate profusely and vomit, but this is more likely from ingesting insecticide during grooming or inhalation of mist if sprayed.

http://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/neurological/c_ct_pyrethrin_pyrethroid_toxicity

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+1677&aid=2252

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