Summer is Here And It is Going To Be A Hot One… Do You Know The Signs Of Heatstroke, And What To Do If It Happens To Your Pup?

 

panting pug

 

So it is Summer, and you and your pup are going to go hiking, walking, running and having all sorts of fun adventures. Just be sure to keep your furry  friend cool and avoid over heating as that can have very serious results.  If your pups temperature hits 103 or higher you may have an emergency situation on your hands.

Heat stroke is an emergency and requires immediate treatment. Because dogs do not sweat (except to a minor degree through their foot pads), they do not tolerate high environmental temperatures as well as humans do. Dogs depend upon panting to exchange warm air for cool air. But when air temperature is close to body temperature, cooling by panting is not an efficient process.

  • Common situations that can set the stage for heat stroke in dogs include:
  • Being left in a car in hot weather
  • Exercising strenuously in hot, humid weather
  • Being a brachycephalic breed, especially a Bulldog, Pug, or Pekingese
  • Suffering from a heart or lung disease that interferes with efficient breathing
  • Being confined on concrete or asphalt surfaces
  • Being confined without shade and fresh water in hot weather
  • Having a history of heat stroke

To avoid this be sure to pay close attention to your dog, watch for excessive panting and pay close attention to  the color of your dogs tongue. If your dogs tongue is bright red slow down and cool him off ASAP. Always be sure to have lots of water on hand to make sure you and your pup are well hydrated

 

Here is a list of dogs breeds that are more susceptible to heat stroke based on structure, coat and breeding.

Brachycephalic breeds:

These dogs have the “pushed in faces” on relatively-broader heads. They have an elongated soft palate in the throat along with narrowed nostrils. Breeds include:

1. Boston Terriers

2. Boxers

3. Bulldogs, especially the English Bulldogs

4. Pekinese

5. Pugs

6. Shih Tzu

Double-Coated Breeds include:

1. Akitas

2. Chow Chows

3. Collies

4. Huskies

5. Poms

6. Samoyeds

7. Shelties

Dogs Bred for Cold Climates (with some overlap with double-coated dogs):

1. Akitas

2. American Eskimo Dogs

3. Anatolian Shepherds

4. Bearded Collies

5. Bernese Mountain Dogs

6. Bouvier des Flandres

7. Golden Retrievers

8. Great Pyrenees

9. Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs

10. Huskies

11. Irish Wolfhounds

12. Malamutes

13. Newfoundlands

14. Norwegian Elkhounds

15. Old English Sheepdogs

16. Samoyeds

17. Shibu Inus

also if your pup is obese that can also make them more susceptible so exercise them in the early morning or after it cools down in the evening if it is hot outside..

 

If heat stroke does occur cool your pup down as much as possible and get him or her to the Vet ASAP

Click on the link for additional tips and cautions. Stay cool out there….

http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/heat-stroke-dehydration-dogs

 

Here are a few points to keep your pet cool…. or use on the way to the vet in case your pup overheats

GB 20 Right behind the skull or occipital bone one finger off the cervical spine on either side in the divots. Pulls the energy down from the head. Cools heat

 GV 17 Right behind the skull in between the GB 20 points. Little divot under the bump. Great point to disperse energy and create calm.

LI4 is on the medial side where the dew claw would be  just hold on to it lightly for a bit or lightly move your fingers in a circular motion clears heat master for face and mouth

 TH4  Find the wrist and it is on the carpal bones it feels a little mushy towards the outside of the wrist or carpus. Balances regulates  heat in the body

 LI11 in the outside or lateral crease of the elbow.  opens  surfaces clears heat

On the way to the vet points 

Th1 lateral side of 4th digit front paws at the nail bed clears heat can also revive if collapses

LI1  On the medial or inside of the 2nd digit of the front paw at the nail bed. Clears lung heat revives consciousness

PE9 lateral side of 3rd digit front paws at the nail bed clears heat can also revive if collapses

 

heatstroke blog updated

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If Your Pup Is Incontinent Or A Little Leaky These Points May Help

 

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What Is Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence occurs when a house trained dog loses control of his bladder. This can range in severity from occasional small urine leaks to inadvertent voiding of a large amount of urine. Incontinence is loss of voluntary control over the act of voiding. This medical condition must to be differentiated from a house training problem and/or submissive urination, especially in young dogs. Incontinent dogs wet their bed or the floor where they are sleeping, urinate inappropriately in the house, sometimes dribble urine, and may void more frequently than normal. There may be an ammonialike odor about the dog’s bedding.

Incontinecne can be caused by a number of factors some serious and some related to aging

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Weak bladder sphincter
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urinary stones
  • Spinal injury or degeneration (frequently seen in German shepherds)
  • Protruding intervertebral disc
  • Prostate disorders
  • Presence of other diseases that cause excessive water consumption, such as diabetes, kidney disease, hyperadrenocorticism
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Anatomic disorders
  • Certain medications

So if this is a recent development it is always a good idea to have your vet check it out to make sure it is nothing serious, and there is not  an underyling cause or infection.

The most common cause of Incontinence is;

Horomone-Responsive Incontinence

This common incontinence is seen most often in middle-aged and older spayed females, and less commonly in young females and older neutered males. It is caused by a deficiency of estrogen in females and testosterone in males. Both these hormones are important in maintaining muscle tone of the urethral sphincter.Hormone-responsive incontinence is much like bedwetting. The dog urinates normally, but wets when relaxed or asleep.

What Are Some Complications of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs?

Some bouts of urinary incontinence ebb and wane, but others can progress and cause more serious bladder and kidney infections.  A skin infection may result in areas that are in constant contact with urine.

 

So according to this acupressure study three points were as effective as medication which is great as there are no side effects with these.

CV4 Ventral midline 3 cun caudal to the umbilicus. Good point for urinary incontinence and retention
Sp6   3 cun above the medial malleolus or ankle bone this point is on the bone so just follow it up threeish finger widths on the  inside of the back leg. Great point for urinary incontinence Also supports liver, kidney and spleen
KI3 BL 60 top of the hock thin skin your fingers will slide into it on either side it is kind of like our Achilles this is actually two points KI3 and BL60 KI3 is a source point good for the kidneys which house original chi supports renal and bladder function

Leaky bladder points

For more information on this  study click below

http://www.healthcmi.com/Acupuncture-Continuing-Education-News/1337-acupuncture-controls-overactive-bladder

For more information on Incontinence click below

http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/dog-urinary-incontinence-and-bladder-problems

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If Your Dog Has Reverse Sneezing Episodes, This Point May Help

Dog sneezing 91704460

Does your dog have reverse sneezing episodes? They sound scary but are usually pretty harmless.  Below is a great article by Dr Karen Becker on reverse sneezing and how to determine when it is harmless and when it may be time to check with your vet.

Also if your dog is reverse sneezing there is a point ( of course) that shortens the duration …

Reverse sneezing — also known as mechanosensitive aspiration reflex, inspiratory paroxysmal respiration, and pharyngeal gag reflex – is actually a fairly common respiratory event in dogs. It happens more often in small breed dogs, perhaps because they have smaller throats and windpipes.

Brachycephalic breeds, like pugs and bulldogs, with elongated soft palates, occasionally suck the palate into the throat, which can cause an episode of reverse sneezing.

http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2012/12/03/reverse-sneezing.aspx?x_cid=20150506_ranart_reverse-sneezing_facebookdoc

 

Try this point and see if it helps your pup.

Presentation GV 14 blog

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It is Flea Season Again ..So Here Is Everything You Ever Wanted Or Didn’t Want To Know About Them

bigstock-Scratching-Siberian-Husky-3840354

 

Cribnotes… Fleas are no fun, can survive 100 days without food, one flea can drink 10ml of blood.( and dogs rarely have just one flea)

So best bet is prevention. There are lots of alternative or more natural methods to help prevent fleas, essential oils, diatomaceous earth(use with caution) to name a few  lots of baths and grooming. They have a cycle so it can take a while to eliminate them from your house.   If all else fails there is always Dawn dishwashing liquid baths and of course   the traditional methods of flea control too, which can be used initally to get rid of the fleas and then hopfeully more natural  preventative measures will keep them away.

Family: Pulicidae

Fleas are bilaterally-flattened wingless insects with three body parts, head, thorax and abdomen. The thorax has 6 legs arranged in 3 bilateral pairs, and the hindlimbs are enlarged and specially adapted for jumping (using elastic resilin pads rather than muscles).

Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis whereby grub-like larvae form pupae from which adult fleas emerge. The larvae are not parasitic but feed on debris associated mainly with bedding, den or nest material, whereas the adult stages are parasitic and feed on host blood. This family contains several genera and species that are important parasites of humans, domestic and companion animals and wildlife, especially rodents.
Ctenocephalides spp. [these species cause dermatoses in domestic animals]
Parasite morphology:

Fleas form four developmental stages: eggs, larvae, pupae and adults. The eggs are pearly-white ovoid bodies up to 0.5mm in size. Larvae appear as slender elongate brown grubs up to 5mm long, with each segment bearing a ring of bristles. Pupae appear as opaque ellipsoidal encysted stages surrounded by thin silk cocoons, often with detritus adherent to the external surface.

Adult fleas vary in size according to gender, female fleas are larger measuring up to 2.5mm in length, while males are smaller, sometimes measuring less than 1mm in length. All adults have three distinct body segments; head, thorax, and abdomen.

The head often bears genal ctenidium (spines), the dog flea C. canis and the cat flea C. felis have genal ctenidia with >5 teeth. The spacing of the spines is correlated to hair diameter. They are backward facing and used with setae to maintain position among the hair/fur of the host despite grooming.

Host range: Adult fleas attach to dogs, cats, humans, other mammals and occasionally chickens. Most fleas have promiscuous feeding habits and will try to feed on any available host. Most flea species are considered to be host-preferential rather than host-specific.

Site of infection: Adult fleas are blood-sucking ectoparasites living amongst the hair/fur on the skin of their hosts. They can also live off their hosts for extended periods in suitable micro-habitats (bedding, carpets, etc) awaiting the arrival of new hosts on which to jump.

Pathogenesis: Fleas have piercing mouthparts composed of cutting laciniae (back-and-forth action) and a stabbing epipharynx which enters small blood vessels. Saliva is ejected into the general area. Bite sites develop erythematous (reddened) papules or wheals, surrounding the central puncture site. Wounds may persist for days to several weeks and develop a crust of dried exudate. They are intensely itchy (pruritis) and may develop secondary infections if disturbed by scratching.

Fleas are particularly annoying pests on dogs and cats, and can cause severe allergic reactions; especially in inbred strains. Flea-allergy dermatitis is a hypersensitive reaction to components of flea saliva injected into the skin. Severely-affected areas exhibit significant hair loss (alopecia), moist dermatitis (wet eczema) or the skin becomes hardened and thickened. Animals aggravate conditions by licking, biting and scratching and they exhibit restlessness, irritability, and weight loss.

Fleas are blood-feeders (ingesting up to 10 ml per day), so heavy infestations may also cause iron-deficiency anaemia, particularly in young animals. Fleas may act as vectors for a range of viral and bacterial infections and Ctenocephalides and Pulex fleas are intermediate hosts for the tapewormDipylidium caninum in dogs and cats.

Mode of transmission: Fleas undergo complete metamorphosis (egg-larva-pupa-adult). The female usually oviposits on the host but the eggs are not sticky and therefore drop off the host usually in den/lair/nest/bedding where there is a good supply of debris and flea faeces on which the larvae feed. The eggs hatch within 2-21 days releasing maggot-like larvae which are legless and eyeless. Larvae cannot close their spiracles and are sensitive to low humidity. There are usually 3 larval instars which moult over 9-15 days before forming a pupa. The pupa completes development over several days to several months. Low temperatures, however, can extend larval and pupal stages up to one year. Adults can survive long periods without food (up to 100 days at high humidity).

Differential diagnosis: Animals attempt to groom infested areas, and an ‘itch-and-scratch’ syndrome may develop, sometimes associated with intense inflammation or allergic reactions. Adult fleas can be found in infested areas by visual examination (manually parting hairs or using a fine -toothed comb).

Treatment and control: Many chemicals have been developed to kill fleas. These insecticides can be used as powders, washes, sprays, pour-ons or impregnated into collars. They are generally organophosphorous compounds, carbamates, or pyrethrum and its derivatives. Several new generation ectoparasiticides have also been developed as spray or spot-on formulations, including fipronil and imidacloprid. Treatments should be repeated regularly to avoid re-infestation and also to reduce environmental contamination by eggs. Drug efficacy should also be monitored as there are growing reports of insecticide resistance developing in flea populations. Corticosteroids are often used topically or systemically for palliative treatment of flea-bite allergy. Control measures should include environmental management such as the provision of clean bedding, efficient waste disposal and rodent control. Several methods of environmental decontamination have been developed including the use of light traps, indoor insecticides and flea bombs (diflubenzuron, pyriproxyfen, methoprene).

More About Flea Meds

Americans spend more than $1 billion each year on products designed to kill fleas and ticks on household pets, especially dogs and cats. While some of these products are safe, others leave harmful chemical residues on our pets’ fur and in our homes. These chemicals are highly hazardous to animals and humans, can damage the brain and nervous system, and cause cancer. The April 2009 paper Poison on Pets II details a first-of-its-kind study by NRDC showing that high levels of pesticide residue can remain on a dog’s or cat’s fur for weeks after a flea collar is put on an animal. Residue levels produced by some flea collars are so high that they pose a risk of cancer and damage to the neurological system of children up to 1,000 times higher than the EPA’s acceptable levels.

Here is a great link from the NRDC to help you determine which flea meds are the least toxic and hopefully most effective.

http://www.simplesteps.org/greenpaws-products

 

Cat Parents  This Is A  A Must Read Post For You …

 

Now most cat pet owners know NEVER to use Flea meds for dogs on cats, but what some owners do not realize is that your cat sniffing your pup after a dose flea meds or sleeping in his or bed can result in the same toxic side effect.

Pyrethroid toxicosis, typically involving Permethrin, is one of the most commonly reported toxicities in cats to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. Inappropriate exposure of cats to Permethrin products results in as many as 97% showing clinical signs with 10.5% ending in death if not treated early and aggressively.

Cats liver’s do not have the ability to process Pyrethrin so even small dose of this substance can cause a reaction. Pyrethrin is also commonly used in bug sprays etc.  So always read your labels and be sure that you do not accidentally apply dog flea meds to your cat. If you have a multi- pet household be sure to flea your dogs in an area away from your cats  and keep them separated until the medicine is absorbed.

Flea meds for cats are available but just be cautious as it is a poison so apply sparingly and carefully.

For more info see the excerpt and link below

Pyrethroid insecticidal products are neurotoxicants targeted toward the nervous system of fleas and other insects, and are used in topical spot–on and household products available over-the-counter and at veterinary hospitals. Topical flea control products are used commonly on pets due to ease of administration and overall good efficacy. Pyrethroids have replaced natural pryrethrins in may products to increase efficacy and stability. Products labeled for use on dogs-only and not intended or safe for cats are often mistakenly or purposely applied to cats. Cats are often intolerant of some insecticides and medications probably because of their livers reduced ability to metabolize some compounds. Adverse reactions can result from an unusual sensitivity at low doses, immune-based allergic sensitively or true toxic reactions at labeled or high doses.

Clinical signs of permethrin poisoning in cats range from facial tremors and ear twitching to generalized muscle tremors and seizures. Some cats salivate profusely and vomit, but this is more likely from ingesting insecticide during grooming or inhalation of mist if sprayed.

http://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/neurological/c_ct_pyrethrin_pyrethroid_toxicity

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+1677&aid=2252

 

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If Your Pup Has A Back Injury Or Is Going Through Physical Therapy Adding Acupuncture May Speed Up Recovery

 

old malinois

This is an interesting study on many levels. If Your Pup has a back injury or age related issues that effect the spine. It not only effects the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) but bone growth and density among other things. So adding acupuncture compliments physical or hydro therapy and may speed up the healing process. Even if it just age related, Acupuncture will help maintain bone density and muscle tone.

Researchers find acupuncture effective for increasing bone strength and preventing bone loss. In a laboratory investigation, electroacupuncture significantly enhanced outcomes by increasing the efficacy of physical therapy procedures. The application of electroacupuncture significantly improved bone density and strength when engaging in load-bearing exercises and treadmill running exercises. Based on the results of the study, the researchers conclude that acupuncture significantly increases bone strength and density, stimulates peripheral nerve repair, and increases the effectiveness of physical therapy procedures.

 

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) controls sensory and motor innervation of the limbs. Nerve damage has a direct effect on sensation and motor function, but it can also have a myriad of other effects. Neurotransmitters such as neuropeptides send chemical messages by way of the nervous system. The researchers found that “several neuropeptides may be local modulators of bone metabolism, influencing periosteal and medullary blood flow, angiogenesis, and nociception, in addition to having direct effects on osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Furthermore, a recent study showed that bone and periosteum are innervated by sympathetic and sensory nerve fibers, implicating the peripheral nervous system in bone metabolism and indicating sensory and sympathetic neurotransmitters have crucial trophic effects essential for proper bone formation.” [10] Thus, it follows that damage to the peripheral nervous system may also have a direct effect on bone health. The peripheral nervous system can regenerate muscle, bone, and skin, but the healing is slow and often incomplete; experiments have shown the importance of peripheral nerve fibers to bone homeostasis as well as fracture repair. [11] This pertains to human studies as well; it is becoming more widely recognized that strokes increase the incidence of hip fractures [12] and, “in patients with spinal cord injuries, a profound decrease of sublesional bone mineral density was measured in comparison with controls.” [13] Based on the evidence, it is reasonable to assert that restoring nerve supply is essential to proper healing after bone fracture. [14]

To read the full article click below 

http://www.healthcmi.com/Acupuncture-Continuing-Education-News/1722-acupuncture-increases-bone-strength-repairs-nerves

Here are a few points from the study to test out on your pup.. The three acupoints the researchers chose for this study were lateral to the L4, L5, and L6 lumbar vertebrae. “Neurons of the sciatic nerve and lumbosacral plexus are beneath these acupoints. Since adequate connectivity in spinal circuits and peripheral nervous system integration are also important factors in nerve regrow, Jiaji-EA may help to facilitate sciatic nerve regeneration after the nerve injury via stimulation of the sciatic nerve and lumbosacral plexus.”

The hua tou jia ji form two rows, running the length of the spine from the neck to the sacrum. They are located 1/2 cun (or “body-inch”)* from the midline of the back. So for dogs approx 1 forefinger width for large and medium dogs and 1 pinkie finger width for small dogs

jia ji for spine

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